28th June 2018
New foreign clothing and textiles investment collapses in Vietnam
Brexit and the Trump Revolution are often linked. What really unites them is the extraordinarily uncommercial attitude many of their politicians are taking to what real businesses want.
On foreign trade, they’re practically polar opposites.
Even among those supporting the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) which started the campaign to leave the EU, 78% believe it is important to “allow companies based in the EU to sell goods and services freely in Britain in return for allowing British companies to sell goods and services freely in the EU.”Among voters for the ruling Conservative party, support for EU free trade is 93%.
This is higher than the support among any US demographic or voter group for NAFTA
Where supporters of Trump and Brexit do appear to agree, though, seems to be over regulation. Or more precisely, over-regulation.
“Take back control” the Brexiteers have been saying for the past year, citing “unnecessary” regulation they claimed the EU was imposing on them, and the unnecessary costs imposed on businesses and consumers by the rule-making obsessions of Brussels bureaucrats.
Substitute “Washington” for “Brussels”, and many Brexit speeches and papers can be – indeed, often are – recycled seamlessly by Trump and his team.
Both, though, also share extraordinary naivety about how regulations actually work.
About 4.5 million trucks cross Britain’s borders every year. Just 1% of them need Customs clearance. After Brexit in spring 2019, every single one of those trucks will need clearance into the UK.
Add in exports and goods going through seaports and airports, and most estimates agree that Britain’s Customs officials – currently handling 65 million commercial Customs declarations a year – will have to handle about 400 million declarations when the UK leaves the EU.
The government’s coy about how many extra staff it’ll have to hire: but the freight handling industry’s incandescent about how much extra cost all that form-filling and inspection’s going to pass onto businesses.
UK Customs are putting their faith in technology. They believe the key is electronic pre-clearance, with algorithms calculating which trucks need to be taken aside for inspection – based on scientific calculations of risk exposure.
They believe that, in practice, somewhere between 5% and 10% of shipments will be called for physical inspection – and are confident software to process all that can be upgraded and delivered on time.
But few share their confidence
That’s still around 20-40 million more physical inspections than happen right now: hardly anyone in a trade-dependent business shares Customs’confidence:
Least of all politicians and officials
Late in March, the UK press leaked Alex Pienaar, head of EU exit policy for UK Customs, admitting: “Any form of customs controls will increase the costs to businesses and consumers of imported and exported products. These costs can be both financial and measured in time/delays”
Britain’s independent government IT auditor downgraded the likelihood the software upgrade would be on time to an “amber/red status” earlier this year -meaning its timely delivery is “in doubt”, posing “major risks”. The Chairman of the Parliamentary committee overseeing Customs announced on March 31 that his “confidence had collapsed” in the new IT system altogether.
Well, I thought they would be: Trump makes great play with the business experience of his top team.
Till reports emerged of a March 1 meeting between thenActing US Customs and Border Protection Commissioner Kevin McAleenan and his department’s Commercial Customs Operations Advisory Committee (COAC). US Customs’ major priority, he said, is now to tighten up US Customs enforcement. Other key CBP officials at the meeting agreed.
But not to worry: McAleenan argued that the rule-cutting programme Trump committed to in October would save money for importers.
The US Harmonised Tariff Schedule – the key source for the government rules importers must follow – is stuffed with more obscure rules than its equivalent in the EU, Japan, Canada or Australia.
But here’s the odd thing: each of those rules is there because some US business, at some stage, argued for it either to protect itself from foreign imports or to give itself a competitive advantage of lower prices
Indeed, in many cases, they’re the result of lobbying by people now – or about to be – on Trump’s team. Especially those relating to the steel industry, which links Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, US Trade Representative designate Robert Lighthizer, Acting USTR Stephen Vaughn and Commerce Undersecretary Gilbert Kaplan
Any corresponding reduction in Customs rules, at a time officials are under pressure for more vigorous enforcement, risks reducing ways traders can legally avoid duties and penalties
At that March 1 meeting, there was no sign of any Customs interest in taking the facilitation of international trade as seriously as raising money and discouraging imports.
Not at all. The World Economic Forum ranks the US poorly among developed countries for the quality of its Customs service – though, at number 17, it does just beat France. The US ranks between Montenegro and Brazil for the costs importers have to bear and behind Rwanda and Chile for the speed goods pass through Customs.
At that March 1 COAC meeting, trade representatives were very clear what they wanted from a Customs service.
Efficiency. Not from fewer rules, but by
All of which need government funds to develop new systems. And trained staff to manage their development and efficient operation.
At a time the Administration was looking for 10% cuts in almost all non-military Federal expenditure. With the Republicans’ abolition of Obamacare now abandoned, pressure on Federal budgets is going to grow even greater
The raft of new rules
Since early March, though, a draft notice to Congress of NAFTA renegotiation objectives includes proposals for more restrictive Rules of Origin for imports from Mexico and more regulations. The Trump Administration’s model for trade deals calls for another raft of new rules – on everything from environmental protection to currency policy.
In Trump’s world America’s going to become the world’s regulatory policeman: forcing America’s suppliers to adopt the rules he campaigned to get repealed in the US .
Can you upgrade government IT while cutting public expenditure?
In Britain, we have an effective “one new rule for every three abolished” policy. It works because it gives government departments incentives to ensure the cost of rules is less than their financial benefits. It doesn’t simply count the number of rules – a silly publicity stunt hiding failure to improve government efficiency.
Just slashing rules to meet a numbers target can easily worsen the service that businesses and citizens receive for their taxes – and push extra costs onto taxpayers.
It’s tempting to put this down to inexperience. In Britain, I can’t find a single politician or full-time official on Mrs May’s team with any experience of the practicalities of making things: in President Trump’s team, there are lots of people from business – but their experience is in financial engineering on Wall St or in keeping out foreign steel imports.
But there’s also a destructive element to this “let’s make life difficult for real businesses” trend on both sides of the Atlantic.
Like Soviet-era revolutionaries, the kamikaze wings of Brexit and the Trump revolution are so locked into hatred of the regime they think they’ve overthrown they’re incapable of seeing the economic damage their over-simplified solutions will do.
Real business must turn opposition to this commercial suicide away from nostalgic arguments about how wonderful TPP would have been. The kamikazes are trying to kill our businesses – and far too few politicians seem to understand.